HistoryIn ancient Greece the plant was burnt to combat epidemics. French hospitals burnt juniper during the smallpox epidemic of 1870.
Bontanical Name: Juniperus communis
Method of Extraction: Steam distillation
Vaporisation: Add 5-10 drops of essential oil into warm water by using diffuser.
Massage: Add 4-5 drops of essential oil into 10ml of carrier oil for facial or body massage or as a home-made body oil after shower. It is very good for muscular and spiritual relaxation.
Bathing: Add 8-10 drops for a full bath. It can stimulates blood circulation and is ideal way to relax.
Inhalation: Add 3-5 drops of essential oil into a bowl of steaming water. Place a towel over the head, close your eyes and inhale deeply. It can help to relieve physical and mental stress, especially headache and respiratory system problems.
Clay mask (Cleansing and Whitening): Add 1-2 drops of essential oils to the mixtures of floral water and clay mask.
Personal skin care product (e.g Shampoo，Bath Gel，Facial cream etc.): Add 4-5drops of essential oils to your own skin care products, create the unique personalised skin care products.
Perfume: Add 4-5 drops of essential oils and 4-10 drops of solubiliser into 10ml water to create your own personalised perfume.
Contra-indication: Avoid during pregnancy, Not suitable for hypertensive and hypotensive
Blending Base Measurement:
1% Essential oil in (5/10/30/50/100)mL = (1/2/6/10/20) drops per volume of essential oil respectively
2% Essential oil in (5/10/30/50/100)mL = (2/4/12/20/40) drops per volume of essential oil respectively
2.5% Essential oil in (5/10/30/50/100)mL = (3/5/15/25/30) drops per volume of essential oil respectively
Eye care = 0.5% Face = 1% - 2% Adult full body = 2% - 2.5%
*Remarks: Thin oil can apply onto skin directly. Thick oil is sticky, diluted with thin oil will be better
Proportion: Thick Oil 10-20％Thin Oil 80-90％
Juniperberry Juniperberry is also referred to as Juniperus communis, an important source of essential oil for use in aromatherapy. The essential oil of juniperberry has lots of health benefits ranging from blood circulation, muscle pain, clear-headed, acne, eczema, and oily skin. Anti-inflammatory activity Juniperus communis (JEO) significantly inhibited tissue remodeling biomarkers, namely collagen I, collagen III, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-I). Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), an immunomodulatory protein molecule, was also significantly downregulated by JEO. Moreover, we found that JEO robustly modulated global gene expression. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis also showed that JEO affected many important signaling pathways that are closely related to metabolism, inflammation, immune response, wound healing, and cancer biology. This study showed the biological activity of JEO in human dermal fibroblasts. Thus, JEO is a promising therapeutic candidate for inflammatory conditions in the skin. Antioxidant property A study was carried out to determine the antioxidant potential of extracts of Juniperus communis L. and Juniperus oxycedrus L. berries (phytochemicals, total phenolics, and total flavonoids). DPPH assay is used for the in vitro antioxidant activities and the results indicated the potential application of the tested extracts as significant antioxidants. Anti-hypercholesterolemic activity A study was carried out on the effectiveness of Juniperus communis as an anti-hypercholesterolemic agent. A total of 35 adult male Wistar albino rats were included divided into 5 equal groups of 7. After 30 days of the experiment, blood and kidney tissue samples were taken. The study revealed that JCL oil is an effective anti-hypercholesterolemic agent. Anti-Parkinson’s activity A study evaluated anti-Parkinson’s activity of methanolic extract of Juniperus communis (MEJC) leaves in chlorpromazine (CPZ) induced experimental animal model. Behavior parameters such as catalepsy (bar test), muscle rigidity (rotarod test), and locomotor activity (actophotometer) were studied and its effect on neurochemical parameters (TBARS, GSH, nitrite, and total protein) in rats. The study showed the neuroprotective effect of MEJC against CPZ induced Parkinson’s disease-like symptoms. Chemopreventive effects A study was carried out to investigate the chemopreventive effects of juniper berry (JB) oil on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer in rats. Thirty-two male Wistar albino rats were allocated into four groups; Control, AOM, AOM + JB, and JB groups. The intervention was done for 16 weeks and at the end of the experimental period, blood and tissue samples were obtained from the rats following necropsy. The macroscopic findings showed that the application of JB oil decreased significantly the adenoma and adenocarcinoma formation both numerically and dimensionally. JB oil is an effective chemopreventive dietary agent by inhibiting cell proliferation and COX-2 expression and inducing apoptosis, resulting in a significant reduction in colon tumor formation. References Živić N., Milošević S., Dekić V., Dekić B., Ristić N., Ristić M., Sretić L. (2019): Phytochemical and antioxidant screening of some extracts of Juniperus communis L. and Juniperus oxycedrus L. Czech J. Food Sci., 37: 351-358 https://www.agriculturejournals.cz/web/cjfs.htm?type=article&id=28_2019-CJFS Akdogan M., (2019). Anti-hypercholesterolemic activity of Juniperus communis Lynn Oil in rats: A biochemical and histopathological investigation https://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/antihypercholesterolemic-activity-of-juniperus-communis-lynn-oil-in-rats-a-biochemical-and-histopathological-investigation.html Xuesheng Han & Tory L. Parker | Claudia Benavente (Reviewing Editor) (2017) Anti-inflammatory activity of Juniper (Juniperus communis) berry essential oil in human dermal fibroblasts, Cogent Medicine, 4:1, DOI: 10.1080/2331205X.2017.1306200 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2331205X.2017.1306200 Souravh Bais, N. S. Gill, Nitan Kumar, "Neuroprotective Effect of Juniperus communis on Chlorpromazine Induced Parkinson Disease in Animal Model", Chinese Journal of Biology, vol. 2015, Article ID 542542, 7 pages, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/542542 https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cjb/2015/542542/ Turan Yaman, Ahmet Uyar, Ahmet Ufuk Kömüroğlu, Ömer Faruk Keleş & Zabit Yener (2019) Chemopreventive efficacy of juniper berry oil (Juniperus communis L.) on azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in rat, Nutrition and Cancer, DOI: 10.1080/01635581.2019.1673450 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01635581.2019.1673450